Diabetes is a metabolic condition where a person’s body has difficulty producing or using insulin. Insulin is the hormone that takes glucose from the bloodstream to the cells for energy. If the body is unable to produce enough insulin or if the body is not using insulin effectively, sugar levels in the blood will be too high. Over time, high blood sugar will damage the body and increase a person’s risk for heart disease, kidney disease, nerve damage, and blindness. There are two types of diabetes that can occur during childhood.
Type 1 diabetes, also called insulin-dependent diabetes, occurs when the pancreas stops producing insulin. Symptoms usually develop over a couple of weeks. If a child becomes very thirsty, hungry, loses weight, has blurred vision, and is tired and irritable, he may have diabetes. It is important to have the child evaluated to prevent more serious complications. Untreated type 1 diabetes can develop into diabetic ketoacidosis, a life-threatening condition. In diabetic ketoacidosis, the body produces high levels of ketones, an acid in the blood. Symptoms include those for high blood sugar in addition to vomiting, stomach pain, and even loss of consciousness. Type 1 Diabetes Treatment in Starkville MS includes careful monitoring of blood sugar levels and taking insulin to keep the blood sugar in a safe range.
Type 2 diabetes is becoming more common in children due to poor diet, a sedentary lifestyle, and obesity. A family history of diabetes also increases the risk for a child. In type 2 diabetes, the body does not make enough insulin and/or has difficulty using the insulin produced. If a child has type 2 diabetes, they will need to make some lifestyle changes. Sugar will need to be limited. Foods containing carbohydrates will need to be rationed throughout the day. Exercise after eating can help bring blood sugar levels to a healthy range. Blood sugar levels will be easier to manage if extra weight is lost. If the individual is unable to control their blood sugar through diet and exercise, oral medication or insulin injections may be recommended.
Diabetes Treatment in Starkville MS requires careful monitoring of blood sugar levels. Children with type 1 diabetes will need to use insulin for the rest of their lives. Children with type 2 diabetes will need to make some lifestyle changes. Medication may also be required to maintain optimal blood sugar levels. For more information visit Drskiskids.com.
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