An allergy is an abnormal response or overreaction of the immune system to an allergen. Allergies range in severity from mild to life-threatening, and common allergens include dust, mold, pollen, dander, air pollutants, and foods. Most people experience some sort of allergy at some point during their lifetime, and some will require treatment by an allergist. Three conditions that can be treated by an allergist in Louisville KY are hay fever, asthma, and food allergies.
Treatment for Hay fever
One condition that can be treated by an allergist is hay fever. When the immune system overreacts to allergens in the air and causes inflammation in the nasal membranes, it is called hay fever. Symptoms of hay fever include a runny nose, stuffy nose, and sneezing. The eyes can be affected as well, becoming red, itchy, and watery. Treatment options for hay fever include allergy testing to determine the culprit allergens, prescription medications, and allergy shots.
Treatment for Asthma
Asthma is another condition that can be treated by an allergist. Asthma is an inflammatory lung disease. It is characterized by bronchospasm and airflow obstruction. Wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing are all symptoms of asthma. Airborne substances, exercise, and air pollutants can all trigger asthma symptoms to occur. Treatment options for asthma include both quick-relief medications and preventative medications.
Treatment for Food Allergies
A third condition that can be treated by an allergist is food allergies. A food allergy is an abnormal response to a certain food or foods by a person’s immune system. Some of the most common food allergens include peanuts, shellfish, eggs, milk, and wheat. Symptoms of food allergies are varied and include gastrointestinal problems, hives, swelling of the mouth and face, and dizziness. Diagnosis is made through a combination of skin and blood testing. Avoidance of food allergens and the administration of antihistamines or epinephrine are common treatments.
As head of the Accredited Asthma Allergy & Food Intolerance Center, Dr. C. Stephen Smith is a top Allergist in Louisville KY. Whether treatment for hay fever, asthma, or food allergies is needed, trust Dr. Smith to help. Dr. Smith provides outstanding medical service for allergies and more. Care is taken to determine the cause of an allergy and develop a successful treatment plan. Contact us today for more information.
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